On this article, we are going to attempt to clear up lots of the misconceptions which can be prevalent about Islam. Earlier than leaping into the listing of misconceptions instantly, you will need to give slightly fascinating background concerning the supply of Islam.
Islam is the title of a lifestyle which the Creator desires us to observe. We keep away from the phrase faith as a result of in lots of non-Islamic societies, there’s a separation of “faith and state.” This separation isn’t acknowledged in any respect in Islam: the Creator may be very a lot involved with all that we do, together with the political, social, financial, and different facets of our society. Therefore, Islam is a whole lifestyle.
The supply of Islam is Allah, the Creator of every little thing identified and unknown to us. He’s One, and He’s Distinctive. Allah has taught us about Islam through two mediums: the Qur’an and the Sunnah. Each the Qur’an and Sunnah have been transmitted to us, humanity, through the Messenger of Allah: Muhammad bin Abdullah, could the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him (saws). The Messenger of Allah was nothing extra and nothing lower than a mortal messenger of the immortal Creator.
The Qur’an is a ebook containing the literal Phrase of Allah. It was transmitted from Allah to an angel of His (Gabriel), and from the angel to the Messenger of Allah who delivered it to us. The Qur’an covers all kinds of matters, together with proof to help its declare of being the Phrase of the Creator, tales of earlier generations, guidelines which humanity is requested to obey, and details about the Hereafter. The Qur’an claims that it is protected against change by apart from Allah, and that is confirmed by its 1400 12 months historical past. The earliest copies and the newest copies are the identical.
The Sunnah is the time period used to explain how the Messenger of Allah (saws) lived his life. The Messenger’s life is an instance for all Muslims, or those that settle for Islam, to observe. Regardless of the Messenger (saws) did, mentioned, or accepted of is a supply of Islam simply as a lot because the Qur’an. The Messenger’s position isn’t overemphasized: his life was dictated by what the Creator desired, and the Messenger didn’t add or subtract to Islam in response to his personal private whim. His life was such that his spouse known as him “a strolling Qur’an.”
The Qur’an and Sunnah are the one two mediums by which Allah has instantly taught us about Islam. This leads us to the next easy however crucial precept:
If any man or lady engages in a perception or motion which clearly contradicts the Qur’an or Sunnah, then that perception or motion can’t be regarded as `Islamic’.
This rule applies whether or not the person or lady is Muslim or non-Muslim. Therefore, we can not equate Islam and the Muslims. Islam is the lifestyle; Muslims are individuals who declare to observe that lifestyle. A Muslim could declare to observe Islam, however be mistaken. Within the context of misconceptions, we are able to restate the above precept in a barely completely different method:
Some misconceptions about Islam are as a result of mistaken beliefs and actions of Muslims, and others are as a consequence of a major lack of information and false stereotyping by non-Muslims.
A number of misconceptions are listed under. As a substitute of merely stating the misunderstanding by itself, we have now additionally included some the reason why folks would possibly undertake that false impression. Due to this fact, every entry within the listing is given within the following kind:
<Assertion of false impression> as a result of:
- <purpose 1>
- <purpose 2>
- and so on.
After every false impression and its doable causes, we present briefly why the misunderstanding is fake by displaying a number of of three prospects:
- a purpose is fake
- the rationale doesn’t logically result in the misunderstanding
- a key piece of knowledge is being ignored
Our solutions to the misconceptions are drawn from the Qur’an and Sunnah. All different approaches are inadequate: Islam is a lifestyle which may be very firmly based mostly on a scholarly method, an method which is predicated on data.
False impression 1
Islam is `the faith of peace’ as a result of:
- the Arabic phrase Islam is derived from the Arabic phrase “Al-Salaam” which suggests peace.
It might sound unusual to consider this as a false impression, however the truth is it’s. The foundation phrase of Islam is “al-silm” which suggests “submission” or “give up.” It’s understood to imply “submission to Allah.” Despite no matter noble intention has induced many a Muslim to say that Islam is derived primarily from peace, this isn’t true. Allah says within the Qur’an (translated):
[2:136] Say (O Muslims): We consider in Allah and that which is revealed to us and that which was revealed to Abraham, and Ishmael, and Isaac, and Jacob, and the tribes, and that which Moses and Jesus acquired, and that which the prophets acquired from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and to Him we have now surrendered. [Arabic “Muslimoon”]
A secondary root of Islam could also be “Al-Salaam” (peace), nevertheless the textual content of the Qur’an makes it clear that Allah has clearly supposed the main target of this lifestyle to be submission to Him. This entails submission to Him always, in instances of peace, warfare, ease, or issue.
False impression 2
In Islam, denial of human rights is OK as a result of:
- Islam is towards pure democracy
- Islam tolerates slavery
The misunderstanding doesn’t observe from the explanations given, and the explanations ignore a substantial amount of info.
As acknowledged earlier, Islam is a whole lifestyle. Given this, it’s not stunning that the Creator is anxious with the tactic which we select to control ourselves. The pre-eminent rule which the Islamic state should observe is acknowledged within the Qur’an (translation follows):
[4:59] O you who consider! Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger, and people charged with authority amongst you. When you differ in something amongst yourselves, refer it to Allah and His Messenger, if you happen to do consider in Allah and the Final Day; That’s finest, and most fitted for remaining willpower.
From this verse, it’s clear that the state’s obligation of obedience to the Creator is as vital because the obedience of the person. Therefore, the Islamic state should derive its regulation from the Qur’an and Sunnah. This precept excludes sure decisions from the Islamic state’s choices for political and financial methods, resembling a pure democracy, unrestricted capitalism, communism, socialism, and so on. For instance, a pure democracy locations the folks above the Qur’an and Sunnah, and that is disobedience to the Creator. Nevertheless, one of the best various to a pure democracy is a democracy that implements and enforces the Shariah (Islamic Regulation).
The Creator additionally states within the Qur’an (translated):
So no matter factor you might be given, that’s solely a provision of this world’s life, and what’s with Allah is best and extra lasting for individuals who consider and depend on their Lord, and those that shun the nice sins and indecencies, and every time they’re offended they forgive, and those that reply to their Lord and sustain prayer, and their rule is to take counsel amongst themselves, and who spend out of what We have now given them.[Qur’an 42:36-38]
Allah orders us on this verse to conduct our issues by taking counsel amongst ourselves, or by consulting one another. That is the methodology of the Islamic state, to seek the advice of each other, however to at all times hold the Qur’an and Sunnah paramount. Any regulation which contradicts the Qur’an or Sunnah is illegal. This broad precept of session is definitely vast sufficient to embody a type of authorities the place all are heard – the truth is, inspired to be heard. The early Islamic states have been of this manner. The petty governments of many `Muslim nations’ as we speak don’t apply this precept and in reality commit many crimes towards the folks.
As for slavery, Islam is exclusive among the many `religions’ in its shut consideration to the peaceable elimination of this follow. Earlier than the arrival of Islam, slavery was widespread everywhere in the world. The Messenger of Islam taught us that releasing slaves was an incredible deed within the sight of Allah. From the Sunnah, particularly within the examine of the Sunnah known as Sahih Bukhari, we discover:
Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet mentioned, “Whoever frees a Muslim slave, Allah will save all of the elements of his physique from the (Hell) Fireplace as he has freed the body-parts of the slave.” Mentioned bin Marjana mentioned that he narrated that Hadith to `Ali bin Al-Husain and he freed his slave for whom `Abdullah bin Ja’far had supplied him ten thousand Dirhams or one-thousand Dinars.[3:46:693]
Additionally from the Sunnah, particularly within the examine of the Sunnah known as Malik’s Muwatta, we discover:
Narrated Aisha Ummul Mu’minin: The Messenger of Allah, could Allah bless him and grant him peace, was requested what was probably the most glorious form of slave to free. The Messenger of Allah, could Allah bless him and grant him peace, answered, “The most costly and probably the most worthwhile to his grasp.”[38:9:15]
The Creator has additionally made it straightforward for slaves to achieve their freedom. From the Sunnah, particularly within the examine of the Sunnah known as Sahih Bukhari, we discover:
Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet mentioned, “Whoever frees his portion of a typical slave ought to free the slave utterly by paying the remainder of his worth from his cash if he has sufficient cash; in any other case the worth of the slave is to be estimated and the slave is to be helped to work with out hardship until he pays the remainder of his worth.”[3:46:704]
The situation of slavery may be very completely different in Islam than the cruel situations imposed by non-Muslims or disobedient Muslims. From the Sunnah, particularly within the examine of the Sunnah known as Sunan Abu-Dawud, we discover:
Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet (noticed) mentioned: None of you will need to say: “My slave” (abdi) and “My slave-woman” (amati), and a slave should not say: “My lord” (rabbi or rabbati). The grasp (of a slave) ought to say: “My younger man” (fataya) and “My younger lady” (fatati), and a slave ought to say “My grasp” (sayyidi) and “My mistress” (sayyidati), for you might be all (Allah’s) slave and the Lord is Allah, Most Excessive.[41:4957]
Additionally from the Sunnah, particularly within the examine of the Sunnah known as Sahih Bukhari, we discover:
Narrated Al-Ma’rur bin Suwaid: I noticed Abu Dhar Al-Ghifari carrying a cloak, and his slave, too, was carrying a cloak. We requested him about that (i.e. how each have been carrying comparable cloaks). He replied, “As soon as I abused a person and he complained of me to the Prophet. The Prophet requested me, `Did you abuse him by slighting his mom?’ He added, `Your slaves are your brethren upon whom Allah has given you authority. So, if one has one’s brethren underneath one’s management, one ought to feed them with the like of what one eats and dress them with the like of what one wears. You shouldn’t overburden them with what they can’t bear, and if you happen to achieve this, assist them (of their arduous job).”[3:46:721]
On account of the teachings of Islam, slavery was virtually utterly eradicated from many areas of the Muslim world, peacefully and with out bloodshed.
False impression three
In Islam, ladies are inferior to males as a result of:
- a person can marry as much as four wives, a lady can marry just one man
- a person’s share of inheritance is larger than a lady’s
- a person can marry a non-Muslim, a lady can not
- ladies should put on the veil
This broadly held false impression doesn’t remotely observe from the explanations given. The primary and most vital remark to make concerning the widespread query “Are women and men equal?” is that it’s a badly-formed, unanswerable query. The issue which many individuals conveniently ignore is that “equal” isn’t outlined. This can be a very crucial level: the equality have to be specified with respect to some measurable property. For instance, ladies on common are superior to males if we ask who’s shorter in top than the opposite (“Progress and Growth”, Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1992). Ladies are additionally superior on common if we ask whom do kids bond to deeper, moms or fathers. Ladies are additionally superior on common if we ask who tends to socialize extra. However, males are superior on common if we ask who’s taller in top than the opposite. And so forth: each query might be rotated, and extra importantly these are properties that are irrelevant.
What then, is the actually vital property which we’re apprehensive about by way of gender equality? Naturally, from the perspective of the Qur’an and Sunnah, the plain vital property is who’s dearer to Allah, males or ladies? This query is emphatically answered within the Qur’an (translation),
If any do deeds of righteousness – be they male or feminine – and have religion, they may enter Paradise, and never the least injustice can be accomplished to them.[4:124]
For Muslim women and men, for believing women and men, for religious women and men, for truthful women and men, for women and men who’re affected person and fixed, for women and men who humble themselves, for women and men who give in charity, for women and men who quick, for women and men who guard their chastity, and for women and men who interact a lot in Allah’s reward, for them has Allah ready forgiveness and nice reward.[33:35]
The Qur’an and Sunnah repeat time and again that Allah solely favours one individual over one other based mostly on that individual’s consciousness, consciousness, worry, love, and hope of Allah (the Arabic phrase is troublesome to translate: Taqwa). All different standards are excluded: gender, ethnic group, nation, ancestry, and so on.
Provided that Allah doesn’t favour one gender over the opposite in His consideration to us (and it helps to keep in mind that Allah is neither male nor feminine), we are able to now handle the variations between the genders in Islam. First, women and men usually are not the identical as we all know. The Creator states within the Qur’an (translation),
…and the male isn’t like the feminine…[3:36]
Women and men are completely different of their composition, and of their tasks underneath Islam. Nevertheless, each are certain by obligations to 1 one other, particularly the next vital one which have to be understood in any dialogue on women and men. From the Qur’an (translation),
And marry these amongst you who’re single and those that are match amongst your male slaves and your feminine slaves; if they’re needy, Allah will make them free from need out of His grace; and Allah is Ample-giving, Figuring out.[24:32]
On this verse, the Creator emphasizes that marriage is to be vigorously pursued by the Muslims: the state of being single is to not be maintained. With this in thoughts, we are able to start to know the 4 causes cited above for the nonetheless misguided conclusion.
Women and men are completely different of their tasks in direction of the households that they’re strongly inspired to arrange. Ladies usually are not obligated to work, whereas males are obligated. The person should present for the household, however the lady doesn’t need to spend out of her cash for it, although she will get a reward for doing so. Allah says within the Qur’an (translation),
Males are in control of ladies, as a result of Allah hath made the one among them to excel the opposite, and since they spend of their property (for the help of ladies). So good ladies are the obedient, guarding in secret that which Allah hath guarded. As for these from whom ye worry riot, admonish them and banish them to beds aside, and scourge them. Then in the event that they obey you, search not a method towards them. Lo! Allah is ever Excessive, Exalted, Nice.[4:34]
From the Sunnah, particularly within the examine of the Sunnah known as Sahih Bukhari, we discover:
[2:24:545] Narrated `Amr bin Al-Harith: Zainab, the spouse of `Abdullah mentioned, “I used to be within the Mosque and noticed the Prophet (saws) saying, `O ladies ! Give alms even out of your ornaments.’ ” Zainab used to offer for `Abdullah and people orphans who have been underneath her safety. So she mentioned to `Abdullah, “Will you ask Allah’s Apostle whether or not it is going to be ample for me to spend a part of the Zakat on you and the orphans who’re underneath my safety?” He replied “Will you your self ask Allah’s Apostle ?” (Zainab added): So I went to the Prophet and I noticed there an Ansari lady who was standing on the door (of the Prophet ) with an identical drawback as mine. Bilal handed by us and we requested him, `Ask the Prophet whether or not it’s permissible for me to spend (the Zakat) on my husband and the orphans underneath my safety.’ And we requested Bilal to not inform the Prophet about us. So Bilal went inside and requested the Prophet relating to our drawback. The Prophet (saws) requested, “Who’re these two?” Bilal replied that she was Zainab. The Prophet mentioned, “Which Zainab?” Bilal mentioned, “The spouse of `Adullah (bin Masud).” The Prophet mentioned, “Sure, (it’s ample for her) and she’s going to obtain a double rewards (for that): One for serving to family, and the opposite for giving Zakat.”
Provided that husbands are obligated to offer for wives, and that marriage is a extremely advisable aim of Islam, it’s straightforward to see why ladies’s inheritance share is half that of males. We observe additionally that males are obligated to offer an appropriate dowry to ladies on marriage. Actually, it’s preferable at this level to talk by way of husbands and wives as a substitute of women and men. Allah says within the Qur’an (translation),
And provides ladies their dowries as a free present, but when they of themselves be happy to surrender to you a portion of it, then eat it with enjoyment and with healthful outcome.[4:4]
Allah says within the Qur’an (translation),
…And so they (ladies) have rights much like these (of males) over them in kindness, and males are a level above them..[2:228].
This one diploma under no circumstances impacts the place of the Creator wherein He has acknowledged that He doesn’t maintain ladies dearer to him than males, or vice versa. Fairly it’s merely a method of partitioning tasks in a family of two adults: somebody should make the ultimate resolution on each day issues. As can be proven under in a bit on a unique false impression, although the ultimate resolution rests with the husband, it’s by means of mutual session that selections are finest reached at.
Whereas males are allowed to marry as much as 4 wives, they’re additionally commanded to fulfill the preconditions of with the ability to financially help them. They have to additionally cope with every spouse justly and pretty with respect to marital and financial obligations. Allah says within the Qur’an (translation),
[4:3] If ye worry that ye shall not be capable of deal justly with the orphans, Marry ladies of your alternative, Two or three or 4; but when ye worry that ye shall not be capable of deal justly (with them), then just one, or (a captive) that your proper fingers possess, that can be extra appropriate, to forestall you from doing injustice.
Furthermore, ladies are allowed to reject any marriage proposal made to her by potential suitors, thus if she doesn’t really feel she will be able to abide by the principles of the Qur’an and Sunnah if she marries a sure individual, she will be able to reject his proposal. Whereas it’s irrelevant to Islam, it’s worthwhile to notice that each Judaism and Christianity enable polygamy. The thought isn’t as overseas to the non-Muslims as is commonly claimed.
Lastly, the carrying of the veil by ladies can also be an illogical premise to say that ladies are inferior to males. It’s extra acceptable to indict a society of feminine exploitation if it tolerates pornography relatively than if it enforces the veil. Provided that Allah is neither male nor feminine, provided that He doesn’t endear folks to Himself based mostly on their gender, provided that the Creator cares about all of us male or feminine, provided that the sexual and violent drive of males is stronger than that of ladies…given all this, it’s illogical to forged a unfavorable mild on the next injunctions contained within the Qur’an (translation),
O Prophet, inform your wives and daughters and the believing ladies to attract their outer clothes round them (after they exit or are amongst males). That’s higher so that they might be identified (to be Muslims) and never be irritated…[33:59]
Say to the believing man that they need to decrease their gaze and guard their modesty; that may make for larger purity for them; and Allah is effectively acquainted with all that they do. And say to the believing ladies that they need to decrease their gaze and guard their modesty; and that they need to not show their magnificence and ornaments besides what should ordinarily seem thereof; that they need to draw their veils over their bosoms and never show their magnificence besides to their husbands…[24:30-31]
On this false impression, there’s a nice deal extra to write down, most of it displaying how present practices in lots of Muslim lands go towards what the Qur’an and Sunnah have ordained, lands wherein ladies are handled as property (unIslamic), usually are not educated (unIslamic), are forbidden their financial rights (unIslamic), and extra. On this level specifically, we encourage everybody to seek the advice of the Qur’an and Sunnah earlier than incriminating Islam. All the time keep in mind that Islam is a whole lifestyle from the Creator, and that Muslims are individuals who declare to observe that lifestyle. A Muslim could declare to observe Islam, however be mistaken.
False impression four
Islam is well-suited solely to the Arabs as a result of:
- most Muslims are Arabs
- the Qur’an is in Arabic
The primary purpose for this false impression is much from the reality. Of the multiple billion Muslims world wide, solely 18% are Arab. Probably the most populous Muslim nation on the earth is Indonesia. The second most populous Muslim nation is Bangladesh. Neither of those nations is Arab.
Islam is the quickest rising main faith on the earth (Encyclopaedia Britannica). It has adherents on all of the populated continents, and is accessible to Arabs and non-Arabs alike. In america, Muslims are anticipated to change into the most important non secular minority across the flip of the century, outstripping the Jews.
The common attraction of Islam to Arabs and non-Arabs comes regardless of the Qur’an being in Arabic. Allah states within the Qur’an that this lifestyle known as Islam is for all folks (translation follows),
And We (Allah) haven’t despatched you (Muhammad) however as a mercy to the worlds.[21:107]
We have now not despatched you however as a common (Messenger) to males, giving them glad tidings, and warning them (towards sin), however most males perceive not.[34:28]
Furthermore, the Creator doesn’t use the color or mom tongue of individuals to guage them, be they Arab or not. As a substitute, it’s the stage of their consciousness of Allah which is the criterion,
O mankind! We created you from a single (pair) of a male and a feminine, and made you into nations and tribes, that you could be know one another (not that you could be despise one another). Verily probably the most honoured of you within the sight of Allah is (he who’s) probably the most righteous of you. And Allah has full data and is effectively acquainted (with all issues).”[49:13]
The selection of Arabic because the language of the Qur’an is defined very merely and clearly (translation follows),
And if We (Allah) had made it a Qur’an in a overseas tongue, they would definitely have mentioned: “Why haven’t its communications been made clear? What! a overseas (tongue) and an Arab!” Say: It’s, to those that consider, a steerage and a therapeutic; and (as for) those that don’t consider, there’s a heaviness of their ears and it’s obscure to them; these shall be known as to from a far-off place.[41:44]
Nevertheless, it’s also vital to emphasise that the Qur’an in its revealed kind in Arabic is the literal Phrase of the Creator – however any translation isn’t. Every translation is extra precisely known as a translation of an interpretation, for each translator contains his or her personal bias.
False impression 5
Islam rejects Jesus as a result of:
- Jesus isn’t accepted as `the Son of God’
The Qur’an and Sunnah each educate us emphatically and with none doubt that the Creator considers the assertion of the Trinity to be an incredible falsehood. The Qur’an states (translation):
They are saying: “(Allah) the Most Merciful has begotten a son!” Certainly you’ve got put forth a factor most monstrous! At it the skies are able to burst, the earth to separate asunder, and the mountains to fall down in utter destroy, that they need to invoke a son for (Allah) the Most Merciful. For it’s not consonant with the majesty of (Allah) the Most Merciful that He ought to beget a son: Not one of many beings within the heavens and the earth however should come to (Allah) the Most Merciful as a servant.[19:88-93]
Nevertheless, the misunderstanding that Jesus is rejected doesn’t observe from the rationale given above. It’s extra exact to say that figuring out Jesus as `the Son of God’ is rejected. As a Messenger of Allah, Jesus is accorded the identical honour that each one the Messengers are given, as the next verse attests to (translation),
[2:136] Say (O Muslims): We consider in Allah and that which is revealed to us and that which was revealed to Abraham, and Ishmael, and Isaac, and Jacob, and the tribes, and that which Moses and Jesus acquired, and that which the prophets acquired from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and to Him we have now surrendered. [Arabic “Muslimoon”]
False impression 6
Islam orders the worship of a person as a result of:
- Muslims are additionally `Muhammadans’
Early non-Muslim quasi-researchers of Islam known as it `Muhammadanism’, implying ultimately that Muslims worshipped the Messenger of Allah (saws). Therefore, the (false) foundation for this false impression actually emanates from non-Muslims. Nevertheless, as was described above, a “Muslim” is “one who submits to Allah.” The essence of Islam is pure, pure, pure monotheism. Allah says within the Qur’an (translated):
Say: He’s Allah, the One and Solely; Allah, the One on whom all rely; He begets not, neither is He begotten. And there’s none corresponding to Him.[112:1-4]
Muhammad is not more than a messenger: many Have been the messengers that handed away earlier than him. If he died or have been slain, will you then flip again in your heels? If any did flip again on his heels, not the least hurt will he do to Allah; however Allah (alternatively) will swiftly reward those that (serve Him) with gratitude.[3:144]
From the Sunnah, particularly within the examine of the Sunnah known as Sahih Bukhari, we discover:
Narrated Mu’adh bin Jabal: The Prophet mentioned, “O Mu’adh! Are you aware what Allah’s Proper upon His slaves is?” I mentioned, “Allah and His Apostle know finest.” The Prophet mentioned, “To worship Him (Allah) Alone and to hitch none in worship with Him (Allah). Are you aware what their proper upon Him is?” I replied, “Allah and His Apostle know finest.” The Prophet mentioned, “To not punish them (in the event that they achieve this).”[9:93:470]
Narrated `Umar: I heard the Prophet saying, “Don’t exaggerate in praising me because the Christians praised the son of Mary, for I’m solely a Slave. So, name me the Slave of Allah and His Apostle.”[4:55:654]
False impression 7
Islam tolerates the killing of innocents as a result of:
- Muslims might be terrorists
- Muslims interact in `holy wars’ (jihad)
- Islam unfold by the sword
- it has a harsh and merciless judicial system
This false impression is likely one of the most generally held misconceptions about Islam as we speak. And but within the Qur’an, the Creator unambiguously states (translation),
Nor take life – which Allah has made sacred – apart from simply trigger. And if anybody is slain wrongfully, we have now given his inheritor authority (to demand retaliation or to forgive): however let him not exceed bounds within the matter of taking life, for he’s helped (by the Regulation)[17:33]
Based mostly on this verse, it’s Islamically illegal to homicide anybody who’s harmless of sure crimes. It’s effectively to recollect at this level the excellence made above between Qur’an and Sunnah, and the Muslims: solely the Qur’an and Sunnah are assured to be in accordance with what the Creator wishes, whereas the Muslims could probably deviate. Therefore, if any Muslim kills an harmless individual, that Muslim has dedicated a grave sin, and definitely the motion can’t be claimed to have been accomplished “within the title of Islam.”
It needs to be clear, then, that “Muslim terrorist” is nearly an oxymoron: by killing harmless folks, a Muslim is committing an superior sin, and Allah is Justice personified. This phrase is offensive and demeaning of Islam, and it needs to be averted. It’s hoped that as the overall stage of public consciousness and understanding of Islam will increase, folks will hold “terrorism” and “Islam” separate from one another, not for use in the identical phrase.
Another excuse superior in help of the misunderstanding is that the Creator has imposed `jihad’ on us. The time period “holy warfare” is from the time of the Crusades and originated in Europe as a rallying cry towards the Muslims in Jerusalem. Jihad is an Arabic phrase that means battle, however within the context of many verses within the Qur’an, it carries the that means of army battle, or warfare. Allah steadily launched the duty of army battle to the Muslim group on the time of the Messenger (saws). The primary verse ever revealed in that connection is as follows (translation),
Permission (to combat) is given to these upon whom warfare is made as a result of they’re oppressed, and most certainly Allah is effectively capable of help them;[22:39]
This verse lays down the precondition for all warfare in Islam: there should exist sure oppressive situations on the folks. The Creator unequivocally orders us to combat oppression and persecution, even on the expense of bloodshed as the next verse exhibits (translation),
And combat in the reason for Allah with those that combat with you, and don’t exceed the bounds, certainly Allah doesn’t love those that exceed the bounds. And kill them wherever you discover them, and drive them out from the place they drove you out, and persecution is severer than slaughter, and don’t combat with them on the Sacred Mosque (in Makkah) till they combat with you in it, but when they do combat you, then slay them; such is the reward of the unbelievers. But when they desist, then certainly Allah is Forgiving, Merciful. And combat with them till there isn’t any persecution, and faith needs to be just for Allah, but when they desist, then there needs to be no hostility besides towards the oppressors.[2:190-192]
As one may think, the tactic of army battle has been clearly and extensively outlined within the Qur’an and Sunnah. Since this topic is a large one, we merely summarize a part of it by noting that it’s illegal to kill ladies, kids, the infirm, the previous, and the harmless. From the Sunnah, particularly within the examine of the Sunnah known as Sahih Bukhari, we discover:
Narrated ‘Abdullah: Throughout among the Ghazawat of the Prophet a lady was discovered killed. Allah’s Apostle disapproved the killing of ladies and youngsters.[4:52:257]
A associated false impression to jihad is commonly propagated by Muslims who say that “Jihad is just for self-defence of bodily borders.” The Qur’an and Sunnah refute this notion categorically. Because the verses cited above present, jihad is compulsory wherever there’s injustice, and Muslims needn’t acknowledge imaginary traces across the earth in relation to upholding this obligation. The Messenger of Allah (saws) has additionally commented on this extensively within the Sunnah. From the examine of the Sunnah known as Sahih Bukhari, we discover that,
Narrated Abu Musa: A person got here to the Prophet and requested, “A person fights for warfare booty; one other fights for fame and a 3rd fights for displaying off; which ones fights in Allah’s Trigger?” The Prophet mentioned, “He who fights that Allah’s Phrase (i.e. Islam) needs to be superior, fights in Allah’s Trigger.”[4:52:65]
Therefore, the Creator obligates us to combat wherever persons are being grossly disadvantaged of freely listening to or training the Message of Allah as contained within the Qur’an and Sunnah. Sayyed Qutb, a well-known Muslim scholar eloquently discusses the notion of jihad and self-defence in his ebook Milestones,
“If we insist on calling Islamic jihad a defensive motion, then we should change the that means of the phrase `defence’ and imply by it `defence of man’ towards all these parts which restrict his freedom. These parts take the type of beliefs and ideas, in addition to of political methods, based mostly on financial, racial, or class distinction.”
A 3rd purpose typically cited for the misunderstanding about Islam which says that this lifestyle tolerates the killing of innocents is that the judicial system of Islam is unnecessarily harsh. This purpose is weak in two respects. First, it presupposes that human beings are extra simply and extra merciful than the Creator, and due to this fact we are able to change the regulation. Second, it’s typically based mostly on gross oversimplifications of Islamic regulation, resembling saying “all thieves get their fingers reduce off.”
The Qur’an and Sunnah make it clear that the regulation of retaliation (or equality) governs us for homicide and bodily damage, however forgiveness is best as the next verses from the Qur’an present (translation),
O you who consider! the regulation of equality is prescribed to you in circumstances of homicide: the free for the free, the slave for the slave, the girl for the girl. But when any remission is made by the brother of the slain, then prosecution (for the bloodwit) needs to be made in response to utilization, and cost needs to be made to him in method; that is an alleviation out of your Lord and a mercy; so whoever exceeds the restrict after this he shall have a painful chastisement.[2:178]
The recompense for an damage is an damage equal thereto (in diploma): but when an individual forgives and makes reconciliation, his reward is due from Allah: for (Allah) loves not those that do mistaken. However certainly if any do assist and defend themselves after a mistaken (accomplished) to them, towards such there isn’t any explanation for blame. The blame is barely towards those that oppress males and insolently transgress past bounds by means of the land, defying proper and justice: for such there can be a grievous penalty. And whoever is affected person and forgiving, these most certainly are actions as a consequence of braveness.[42:40-43]
The Creator ordained the regulation of retaliation on us understanding full effectively that we’d query it. In lots of non-Muslim societies as we speak, there are ongoing debates concerning the loss of life penalty. In Islam, this dialogue is moot: the Creator has determined the matter for us. He has nevertheless given us an fascinating verse within the Qur’an which advises to think about the matter fastidiously if we need to perceive it (translation follows),
And there’s life for you in (the regulation of) retaliation, O folks of understanding, that you could be guard yourselves.[2:179]
Most individuals are additionally unaware of the stringent situations which have to be met for the regulation of retaliation to be relevant. The Sunnah is stuffed with examples of the Messenger of Allah displaying us when the regulation’s preconditions have been fulfilled. For instance, a thief is barely liable to lose his or her hand if the merchandise stolen exceeds a sure worth, and whether it is confirmed that the merchandise was taken from its regular resting place. Stealing meals isn’t punishable by the lack of one’s hand, and different objects are exempt as effectively. That is simply an instance of how gingerly the regulation is utilized in Islam.
Lastly, one more reason superior for this prevalent false impression is that Islam `unfold by the sword’. It needs to be clear by now that we should at all times distinguish between the Qur’an and Sunnah and the Muslims in relation to figuring out what the Creator has requested of us. Allah has acknowledged clearly within the Qur’an (translation),
There isn’t any compulsion in faith; really the best method has change into clearly distinct from error; due to this fact, whoever rejects Devil (and what he calls to) and believes in Allah, he certainly has laid maintain on the firmest handhold, which shall not break off, and Allah is Listening to, Figuring out.[2:256]
Therefore, it’s unimaginable to just accept Islam underneath duress. Even when misguided Muslims have been to attempt to `pressure’ Islam in some way on others, it could not be accepted by the Creator based mostly on this verse.
Historic arguments that attempt to exhibit that Muslims didn’t `convert others by pressure’ are literally secondary to the argument given above. Nevertheless, it’s value noting that traditionally, Islam did unfold by peaceable means. The Message of the Creator was conveyed to Africa and to southeast Asia by buying and selling Muslims, and as we speak the most important Muslim nation on the earth is Indonesia. The army expeditions that led to the conquest of enormous swathes of territory in Europe and central Asia have been all marked by tolerance of different creeds and religion.
Once more, you will need to keep in mind that Allah declares it IMPOSSIBLE that Islam might be compelled on an individual, therefore Muslims discover it ineffective to strive!
False impression eight
Islam is illiberal of different religions as a result of
- the Qur’an condemns the opposite religions as false
The Creator has taught us within the Qur’an and Sunnah that each one different `religions’ and methods of life are unacceptable to Him if an individual is conscious of Islam. The Qur’an states (translation),
And whoever wishes a faith apart from Islam, it shall not be accepted from him, and within the hereafter he shall be one of many losers.[3:85]
Nevertheless, although the Creator has clearly specified that no different lifestyle is suitable to Him besides Islam (i.e. submission to Him as embodied within the Qur’an and Sunnah), He has additionally commanded the Muslims to be tolerant of people that espouse different creeds. From the Sunnah, particularly within the examine of the Sunnah known as Al-Awsat by Al-Tabarani, we discover relating to these non-Muslims residing within the Islamic state,
The Messenger of Allah (saws) mentioned, “One who kills a non-Muslim individual underneath safety (Arabic: dhimmi) won’t even odor the perfume of Paradise.”
Additionally from the Sunnah, particularly in a report from Al-Khatib, we discover that the Messenger of Allah (saws) additionally mentioned:
Whoever hurts a non-Muslim individual underneath safety, I’m his adversary, and I shall be an adversary to him on the Day of Resurrection.
Briefly, Islam is illiberal of false concepts, nevertheless it’s tolerant of the individuals who maintain to these concepts. One historic instance of Muslims residing as much as the usual of Islam might be discovered from the time of the Spanish Inquisition. Throughout that catastrophe sprung by misguided Catholics, some Spanish Jews fled to Muslim Turkey and to this present day, there’s a group of Spanish-speaking Jews in Turkey. One other instance could also be discovered throughout one of many Crusader invasions from Western Europe. A few of the the Catholic Western European knights have been so prone to rape, homicide, and pillage the Jews and Orthodox Christians, that when the Muslims gained, they have been handled as a liberating pressure by these non-Muslims.
False impression 9
Islam is a racist, afro-centric cult as a result of:
- Nation of Islam espouses the prevalence of the black man
- The Nation of Islam acknowledges God as a black man
One of many nice misconceptions of the 20 th century is that the so-called `Nation of Islam’ is a Muslim group, or extra exactly: a group which submits to Allah by following the Qur’an and Sunnah. The `Nation of Islam’ is a man-made lifestyle which borrowed some parts of Islam after which blended them with numerous innovations and lies to succeed in their current doctrines.
It suffices to level out the `Nation of Islam’s deviation in two areas. First, they reject the essence of Islam by concocting a narrative whereby the Creator takes the type of a black man. From their on-line publications, we discover that the `Nation of Islam’ believes in
…one God (Allah) and that Allah (God) appeared within the Particular person of Grasp W. Fard Muhammad, July, 1930; the lengthy awaited `Messiah’ of the Christians and the `Mahdi’ of the Muslims…
Nevertheless, the Creator states within the Qur’an (translation),
[6:103] No imaginative and prescient can grasp Him, however His grasp is over all imaginative and prescient: He’s above all comprehension, but is acquainted with all issues.
The `Nation of Islam’ additionally claims that white males are `devils’, and that black persons are on the whole superior to all different races. Nevertheless, from the Sunnah, particularly within the Messenger of Allah’s farewell sermon, we discover the Messenger (pbuh) saying:
All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; additionally a white has no superiority over a black nor a black has any superiority over a white – besides by piety and good motion.
There are a lot of different beliefs which the `Nation of Islam’ holds which take it outdoors of Islam. It’s fascinating to notice that within the mid-1970’s, the overwhelming majority of the group realized its errors and transformed to true Islam. There may be, nevertheless, a splinter group which stays energetic as we speak.
False impression 10
Islam produces a lazy, uneducated society as a result of:
- all issues come from God, and so fatalism is OK
- fashionable expertise and science are condemned
The explanations given for this false impression are false, and the misunderstanding itself is definitely refuted instantly by the Qur’an and Sunnah. Whereas it’s true that the Creator is the supply of every little thing to us, it’s not true that this can be utilized as an excuse for humanity to cover behind as the next verses from the Qur’an state (translation),
The worshippers of false gods say: “If Allah had so willed, we must always not have worshipped something however Him – neither we nor our fathers,- nor ought to we have now prescribed prohibitions apart from His.” So did those that went earlier than them. However what’s the mission of messengers however to evangelise the Clear Message? [16:35]
They (the idolaters) say, “If it had been the need of (Allah) the Most Merciful, we must always not have worshipped such (deities)!” Of that they haven’t any data: they do nothing however lie![43:20]
Allah has taught us through the Qur’an and Sunnah that all of us have a certain quantity of free will. This free will have to be exercised correctly in accordance with the Qur’an and Sunnah to please the Creator. That is loads of motivation for all Muslims to push themselves to be probably the most educated, efficient Muslims they are often. If Muslim societies as we speak usually are not assembly their potential, it’s certainly not as a consequence of their data of Islam, relatively it’s their ignorance of this lifestyle. The significance of looking for data and dealing are made clear within the Sunnah.
From the Sunnah, particularly within the examine of the Sunnah known as Sunan Abu-Dawud, we discover:
Narrated Anas ibn Malik: A person of the Ansar got here to the Prophet (pbuh) and begged from him.[9:1637]
He (the Prophet) requested: Have you ever nothing in your own home? He replied: Sure, a bit of material, part of which we put on and part of which we unfold (on the bottom), and a wood bowl from which we drink water.
He mentioned: Convey them to me. He then introduced these articles to him and he (the Prophet) took them in his fingers and requested: Who will purchase these? A person mentioned: I shall purchase them for one dirham. He mentioned twice or thrice: Who will supply multiple dirham? A person mentioned: I shall purchase them for 2 dirhams.
He gave these to him and took the 2 dirhams and, giving them to the Ansari, he mentioned: Purchase meals with one among them and hand it to your loved ones, and purchase an axe and produce it to me. He then introduced it to him. The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) fastened a deal with on it along with his personal fingers and mentioned: Go, collect firewood and promote it, and don’t let me see you for a fortnight. The person went away and gathered firewood and offered it. When he had earned ten dirhams, he got here to him and acquired a garment with a few of them and meals with the others.
The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) then mentioned: That is higher for you than that begging ought to come as a spot in your face on the Day of Judgment. Begging is true just for three folks: one who’s in grinding poverty, one who’s critically in debt, or one who’s accountable for compensation and finds it troublesome to pay.
Additionally from the Sunnah, particularly within the examine of the Sunnah known as Sunan Ibn Majah, we discover that the Messenger of Allah mentioned:
Searching for data is an obligation upon each Muslim.
Information of the Qur’an and Sunnah are clearly one of the best kinds of data, and data which advantages humanity is nice as effectively. The Qur’an and Sunnah don’t condemn the examine of this earth and in reality the Creator encourages us to research the world we reside in in response to the next verse from the Qur’an (translation),
Behold! within the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the alternation of night time and day, there are certainly Indicators for folks of understanding. Individuals who have a good time the praises of Allah, standing, sitting, and mendacity down on their sides, and ponder the (wonders of) creation within the heavens and the earth, (with the thought): “Our Lord! not for nothing have You created (all) this! Glory to You! Give us salvation from the penalty of the Fireplace.”[3:190-191]
Something good on this doc is from Allah, whereas every little thing dangerous in it’s from us.